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The tomb of Laris, a wonderful Etruscan find of City of Pieve

In October 2015, in San Donnino, a wonderful Etruscan tomb was discovered, this is considered one of the five major archeological discoveries of the year and the winner of the prestigious international award for the discovery with the greatest consensus from the large audience launched by the Mediterranean Exchange of the Paestum Archaeological Tourism.

The underground burial, excavated in the natural soil, has a rectangular plant area of about 5 square meters, partially buried by frantic movements. It dates back to the end of the 4th century. B.C. and the beginning of the III century.

Larissa’s Tomb – as is popularly defined because of the owner’s name sculpted on the main sarcophagus – consists of a burial chamber entirely excavated in the clayey soil through which you can access by a long 12 meter corridor; Inside, two large monumental arched sarcophagi and alabaster travertine (a white stone with veins and fine weaving) and three cinerary urns on which the lids are carved out of the banquet dead, were found in the Museum Civic-Diocesan of Santa Maria dei Servi.

On one of the two sarcophagi you can see an Etruscan inscription, probably referable to the identity of the deceased. The tomb, is an extra reason to visit Città della Pieve, who already cares for the works of his most illustrious son, Pietro Vannucci called Il Perugino, in addition to the Cathedral of Santi Gervasio and Protasio, the Rocca and Palazzo della Corgna.

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verde a Cervaro

Santa Maria Maggiore, the oldest church in Cervaro

This is the oldest and most important religious monument of Cervaro, a lovely country in the province of Frosinone. The Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, with its sober lines, is a true historic monument of architecture and culture. Not only nowadays, but also in its long past, it has always been the “matrix church” of the country, as it is stated in a 12th century stone still visible under a stone stoup: “hecest sola matrix Cervarii”, is written “this is the only (church) matrix of Cervaro”.

The building stands where the ancient Pesculum is located on the eastern side, at the medieval ruins of the Borgo and Castello, from where they leave via Trocchio, Via Municipio, via Sobborgo and Via XXIV Maggio. The whole church factory incorporates upstream with other buildings, which were part of the complex of the ancient castle. The front facade is lined with squared stones on the face, to the line of vault, with a pedestal decorated with stucco; the portal is quadrangular, surmounted by an important composite stone cornice.

Inside, the church welcomes elegant stucco decorations and fake quadrangular columns; the dome is located at the main altar and houses bas-reliefs depicting the four cardinal virtues: Prudence, Justice, Fortress, Temperance. It also houses an artistic wooden Crucifix of the sixteenth century. The polychrome marble altar, baroque, did not, fortunately, have any demolition after the reform of Vatican II, which sanctioned the essence of the altar. Other valuable items are the choir, with pretty carvings on old wood and the pulpit.

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Through the MUdeF we know the history of the fortresses Firmafede and Sarzanello, boasts of Sarzana and of the entire historical region of Lunigiana.

The Fortresses of Sarzana on display in an interactive museum

Through the MUdeF we know the history of the fortresses Firmafede and Sarzanello, boasts of Sarzana and of the entire historical region of Lunigiana. In September 2016, the MUdeF, the Museum of Fortresses in the Ligurian city, was built inside the Firmafede Fortress of Sarzana, erected in 1249 by the Pisans and subsequently destroyed and rebuilt by the Florentines.

The museum space is divided into 27 halls to the subterranean and its peculiarity is not to own a collection: yet it manages to create a place in habited by gentlemen, knights, bishops, pilgrims, merchants, peasants and soldiers who they actually populated these spaces. Thanks to animated plastics, actor-spotted stories, spy lock holes, an equipped kitchen, talking screens, 360 ° immersion cinema and more, visitors are catapulted in the history of Lunigiana and its protagonists through its fortresses, uses and customs that are reintegrated into their own residential and, above all, historical context.

A special bracelet, provided at the entrance, accompanies visitors throughout the museum path, enabling them to activate multimedia content such as projections, audio and video. The children, however, have a room dedicated to them, where they can draw on a blackboard the steps of building a castle and build a fortress thanks to a 3D puzzle.

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Lunigiana river

The Lands of Lunigiana and its torrents

A generous nature that has provided these lands of numerous watercourses. It is the Lunigiana, a splendid territory between Tuscany and Liguria,takes its name from the ancient Roman town of Luni, which stood at the mouth of the River Magra.

And just following the course of its streams – all ending in the Magra – you can find some of its finest glimpses. This is the case of Gordana, which originates from Monte Tecchione at 1582 meters high and runs in the municipalities of Zeri and Pontremoli before entering the Magra after fifteen kilometers of racing: at the top of its course you can admire suggestive jumps of water and waterfalls, while near Walnut of Zeri you can hike a few hundred meters along the ghetto.

The Green Stream, however, is born from Mount Poggio dei Due Santi at 1392 meters above sea level and is another tributary of the Magra: the valley of the Green is one of the most beautiful pontoons; climbing the creek towards Guinadi and Cervara you can admire striking views such as the artificial waterfall near a marble cippo at the beginning of the valley’s climb, another small waterfall towards Cervara and Farfara’s waterfall over Lake Verde.

The Caprio was born 1831 meters from Mount Orsaro: along its course there are numerous places of interest such as the Sigillina fortress near an ancient mill and a suggestive water pond of many meters deep in Cavallana. The Bagnone stream is finally born from Mount Sillara at 1861 meters. In its waters it is possible to fish with the fly from the source to Villafranca in Lunigiana where the torrent is thrown from the left into the river Magra; during winter months it is possible to practice the kayak, despite some important waterfalls and jumps, in the area of Iera and just before the village of Bagnone.

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Lunigiana is an ancient land rich in history, between Liguria and Tuscany, where you can visit splendid medieval villages surrounded by the Apuan Alps and the Tosco-Emilian Apennines.

From Liguria to Tuscany, traveling among Lunigiana villages

Here, once, the families Malaspina and Medici were the owners of this land. Lunigiana is an ancient land rich in history, between Liguria and Tuscany, where you can visit splendid medieval villages surrounded by the Apuan Alps and the Tosco-Emilian Apennines.

This is the case of “Firenze della Lunigiana“, or Fivizzano, a place that has entered history because here, between 1470 and 1474, Jacopo da Fivizzano used the typographical characters for the first time in Italy. Within a short distance you can visit the village of Fosdinovo with its Castle of Malaspina family and that of Verrucola with the Fortress of Spinetta the Great.

Ponticello certainly deserve a visit, a place that rises along the ancient route of Via Francigena and it develops entirely behind the oratory of the Saints Rocco and Bernardo; the village of Filetto, one of the most picturesque centers of Lunigiana which was famous for its antiquarian markets, fairs and medieval recalls; and still Mulazzo, the first capital of the Malaspina feud (here, in 1306, Dante Alighieri also stayed) and Montereggio which, together with Parana, is known as “the country of booksellers”, the only village in Italy to be part of the International Organization of Book Towns. The journey through the villages of this wonderful land can only end in Pontremoli, a true architectural jewel – with medieval bridges and sandstone sandstone paved alleys – lying in a basin surrounded by high hills and built at the confluence of two rivers.

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terme-cretone

Cretone spa, a paradise 30 km from Rome

A naturalistic paradise near Rome, immersed in a land rich in history. They are the Sabine Spas of Cretone, rising in the green of the hills between the Capital and Rieti, just at the bottom of a lush forest. The waters of the Creton Spas have naturally flowed for millennia and are sulfuric, hypothermic (24 °C) and bacteriologically pure: they are used for inhalation, aerosol, nebulization, endotubaric insufflation, hydromassotherapy, hydroponic treatment, mud therapy and balneotherapy.

Where now there is a state-of-the-art complex, until the 1970s there was a dry ice factory, which best exploited the abundant component of carbon dioxide present in the groundwater. From then on, a new story began: in 1987, Creton’s waters were recognized by healthcare for the treatment of skin diseases, bile ducts, stomach, arthrorheumatic and respiratory illnesses.

Today, this complex offers to the customers the ancient Roman spa concept; in fact, in addition to three swimming pools fed by sulphur thermal springs (in summer it is also possible to bathe at night), the spa offer also swimming, aerobics and dance courses, beach volleyball, gym soft, four tennis courts and two of soccer. Who, after a relaxing day at the spa, would spend some more time here, can visit Creton, a small medieval hamlet that preserves the Collegiate of the eleventh century and the abandoned fortress of Castiglione; a few kilometers away is Palombara Sabina, with
Savelli Castle adorned with frescoes of Raffaello’s school.

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Between Falerii Novi and the Amerina Street, here there is the ancient kingdom of Falisci

Walking along the ancient Via Amerina, which in Roman times played a major role as a fast communication route, mainly for commercial purposes: the itinerary in Alto Lazio, where Fabrica di Roma and Civita Castellana are now standing winds through this ancient road from San Lorenzo to Falerii Novi, and to the Romanesque church of Santa Maria di Falleri.

Falerii Novi is a Roman city that was erected following the destruction of Falerii in 241 BC: the city circuit was 2108 meters long, its shape resembles that of a triangle and the walls constitute an excellent example of Roman military architecture. In defense of the city there were about 80 towers, 50 of which are still well preserved.

Little or nothing has been visible of the buildings inside the walls: the most preserved structure is the Cistercian abbey church of Santa Maria di Falleri, built at the end of the twelfth century by the initiative of monks from Savoia: to the portal they also worked on some “cosmati” marbles that probably inspired ancient monuments already in the area. On the other hand, Via Amerina, which is the lesser known among the great Roman roads, during the Middle Ages was of strategic importance, allowing the direct link between the Duchy of Rome and the Esarcato di Ravenna, constantly threatened by Lombardy pressure. The road, along with the dozens of rocky tombs in the southern necropolis of the nearby town of Falerii Novi, form an extensive archaeological area, and is one of the most important historical records of the area formerly inhabited by Falisci.

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Mamoiada, Fonni and Gavoi, travel to the heart of Barbagia

The first testimony of human presence in this area dates back to prehistoric times. Barbagia, on the other hand, represents the wildest Sardinia, somewhat more “real”. What the Ancient Romans called “the land of the barbarians” was in fact a single, mysterious land, made of mountains, hidden caves, impenetrable bushes and deep gorges; and still today, for many centuries, Barbagia is a kind of living museum that preserves its proud nature and its natural hospitality. The trip to this land have to start from Mamoiada which is known all over Italy for the most spectacular Carnival featuring the Mamuthones and Issohadores; a wonder that you can appreciate all year long, visiting the Museum of Mediterranean Masks. In addition to the characteristic historical center in which the Church of Loreto stands out, and the one dedicated to the Blessed Vergine Assunta, all the surrounding of Mamoiada deserve a visit, with archaeological traces dating to the Neolithic as the ancient stele “sa perdida pinta”, or the stone painted, or the “nuraghe of Arrailo”, in the “Rione sa Pruna”. A few kilometers away there is Fonni which is famous for being the highest Municipality in Sardinia, from where the excursions to Gennargentu leave. In its historic center the places that deserve a visit are The church of St John the Baptist in late-Gothic style, the sanctuary of the Virgin of the Martyrs, alongside the Franciscan monastery and the oratory of St. Michael and the museum of pastoral culture, set up in a manor house of 1800, where it is possible to revive the flow of agro-pastoral life that characterized the country. The journey to the heart of Barbagia ends in Gavoi which is famous for its delicacies from the famous Sardinian pecorino dop. Here well worth a visit the churches of Carmel, San Gavino, San Giovanni Battista and Sant’Antioco, in addition to the Sa Itria country sanctuary. Two kilometers from the village, besides, you can not be abducted by the intense blue, especially in autumn and winter, of Lake Gusana, ideal for canoeing and for recreational fishing.

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Lake of the Salto, to the discovery of Fiamignano, Petrella and Borgo San Pietro

Lake of the Salto, to the discovery of Fiamignano, Petrella and Borgo San Pietro

Lake of the Salto is the largest artificial lake in Lazio. It was created in 1940 by the dam of the River Salto with the Dam of the Salt, and the resulting submerge of the Valley in the Cicolano. Lake of the Salto is considered a natural jewel in the province of Rieti connected to the nearby Turano lake, with which it shares the water through a long artificial underground canal. There is undoubtedly an unique setting in which the basin stands between the green of the woods and the bare rock of the mountains which get the attention of the visitors. But this is also a place of fascinating and rich history villages, from which you can admire beautiful views. This is the case of Fiamignano, the highest commune in the area, which hosts small jewels such as S. Fabiano and Sebastiano Church, in the main square, and the church, originally Romanesque, and the Church of Our Lady of the Poggio. Perched on a rocky spur of the Monte Moro, then stands Petrella Salto: among the small and charming lanes and the elegant Independence Square, Church of Santa Maria Grazia Assunta deserves a visit; tradition wants that in this place of mystic charm, just at the foot of the fort, Beatrice Cenci killed his father. Continuing along the road along the shores of the lake you reach Borgo San Pietro, from where you climb up to the San Filippa Mareri cave.

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Exhibition on man and nature at the Vajont Ecomuseum

Exhibition on man and nature at the Vajont Ecomuseum

The man and the surrounding nature have never been so close. The history of the Municipality of Erto e Casso that now is part of the Authentic Village of Italy, was marked in 1963 by the enormous tragedy of the Vajont dam. But the population of this part of the province of Pordenone has had the courage to make a new start, and the Vajont Ecomuseum represents for the visitors a unique opportunity to discover the indelible signs left by nature and men in this area.

The wood the guiding thread of the museum that guards the history of the country. Here there is the work “Voci del Bosco” of the well-known writer Mauro Corona, the audio-sound path is accessible with the sensory headphones, while the enchantment of the Ertane woods is revealed through “The magic of wood that becomes coal” an exhibition dedicated to the old coal trade.

Wood also becomes toy, cradle and soles of shoes in the exhibition dedicated to the child; or item to sell, carriage and chest of drawers on the shoulders of brave street vendors in the thematic route “Partire partirò partir bisogna…”.. Inside the Ecomuseum there are also the wooden works of all the artists who participated in the annual Erto Sculpture Symposium, which celebrates the continuity of life after the anniversary of the Vajont catastrophe.

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